: What are the basic engineering data in Turkey, in terms of fire protection
System : Metric and ISO
Electricity : 220/380VAC, 50 Hertz
Valid Standards : NFPA, BS, LPC, DIN, VdS
Service Proficiency : No submittal of proficiency is required to design,
sell, install, commission, operate and make the maintenance of fire protection
Approval Requirements : No approval is required to design, sell, install,
commission, operate and make the maintenance of fire protection related
Insurance : There is no obligation of insurance against fire for houses,
offices, factories, etc.
Q : Are
there any standards on fire protection in Turkey ?
Yes, there are published standards on fire protection. The standards are
released by TSE (Turkish Standards Institute) however these standards
are very poor and inapplicable in terms of completeness, scope and content.
As a Design and Consultancy company we find all of these standards unsatisfactory
to follow in our designs, specifications and decisions. Even partially,
only a very few of them is referred by our company.
Q : Which standard is respected and followed ?
Due to the lack of appreciable local standards in our country, quite a
number of foreign standards are followed. In result, we are capable of
dealing with different standards in equal power. It is either the job
specifications or the investor or the insurance company or the material
supplier who dictates which standard to follow. Within this mass, unfortunately
in lots of jobs there is no concern at all, to be comformable to a standard.
In overall practice, the most widely used standards are NFPA of USA, then
BS and LPC of UK, VdS and DIN of Germany. Interestingly enough, although
they are not followed in local jobs, SNIP of Russia is quite well known,
due to the huge amount of contracting activities of Turkish Contractors
in Russia and in Ex-USSR republics.
Since most of the time the investor, the designer and even the insurance
company is unable to chose which standard to follow, the problem of choosing
a standard is mostly governed by the system/material supplier. Because
if the standard which their system/material comforms is chosen, then they
eliminate some competitors. In this way the standards are abused for competition
purposes. Since every system/material supplier (which are importers) is
promoting his system's/material's country of origin's standards and the
North American manufacturer's have a domination in Turkish Fire Protection
market, it is not difficult to understand why NFPA is the leading standard.
Of course one should not undermine that the language, availability, completeness
as major advantages of NFPA increases the wide use of NFPA.
In the jobs where we handle the design or consultancy, if there is a
confusion in deciding which standard to use, then we bring the alternatives
and our proposal together with their consequences (cost, maintenance,
supply dependency...) in front of the decision makers and let them make
a choice, under our consultancy.
Q : Are there any regulations on fire protection in Turkey ?
Yes, there are regulations on fire protection. These can be grouped in
two parts : regulations for a specific organization, public regulations.
Public regulations are for the obedience of all the people within the
control of regulation releasing authority. These are basically the regulations
released by the municipalities. Whereas the regulations for specific organizations
ask for the obedience of that particular organization only. Regulations
on the fire protection and fire safety of government buildings and the
regulations on the fire protection and fire safety of Turkish Drink and
Alcohol Monopoly buildings are of this kind. Please refer to http://www.tuyak.org.tr/standartveyonetmelikler.html
for the complete list of Turkish Fire Protection and Fire Safety Regulations
Q : What
is the common practice in Turkey, for fire water supply ?
We can not
speak about a standard or regulation for fire water supply. Therefore
almost all the water supplies are acceptable and taken valid. If we look
at the common practice :
elevated tank : very limited to airports, military bases or some
municipality fire water mains : used very limitedly in very few
towns or in some districts of towns. Mostly used for street hydrants not
for private system supply.
electric motor driven pumps : almost the most common application
together with hidrofos. However these pumps are most of the time classical
multi-stage centrifugal pumps, not fire pumps. Only quality hotels, industrial
facilities use fire pumps.
diesel engine driven pumps : used in apparent risks and facilities
which are insured by foreign insurers. These are mostly industrial facilities.
hidrofors : almost the most common application together with electrical
motor driven pumps. Most of the time serving both the domestic water system
and fire system. However, most of the time they lack of a reliable electricity
and water supply.
Q : Are
there any fire safety regulations in Turkey ?
limited in number and coverage, incomplete in technical terms, there are
some regulations in Turkey. Here are the complete list of regulations
Metropolitan Municipality Fire Safety Regulation (1991)
Turkish Monoploy Fire Safety Regulation (1991)
Fire Safety Regulation for Government Buildings (1996)
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